World War I Scrapbook Assignment: Social Studies 9 — Ms. Wilton

Directions for both scrapbooks:

Step One:  Read the directions for both options of the scrapbooks listed below.

Step Two:  Once you have decided which option (A or B) you are going to do, please inform Ms. Wilton immediately.  Only one person may do each personality, so choose wisely, and quickly!

Step Three:  Begin your research!

You are to choose from one of the following two different scrapbooks listed below.  You will choose A or B, but not both!

The following directions relate to both scrapbooks:

World War I Scrapbook
You are to create a scrapbook which has been in your family since World War I. The scrapbook should look like it is over 100 years old.

You will complete 2 of the 4 additional articles (shown below as Section F) plus your person of interest (family member or WWI personality).
Section F -- you must include 2 of these 4 additional pieces:

Letter to Family: Select one of the 3 descriptions below and write a letter home to your family (as your family member) describing the overall conditions, the prospects for returning home, and the general progress of the Canadian war effort. Use realistic and accurate details to describe the war from the perspective of where "you" were stationed.

Volunteers for the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) enlisted and were sent to a mobilization camp at Valcartier, Quebec. Here the green troops were taught the basics of marching, battle tactics, combat skills, physical training and military equipment.

Nurses and support staff were required at the front. For many who had only worked in Canadian hospitals, this could be a painful and psychologically exhausting experience. Although women were not considered for "front line" duty, many died serving their country.

Life at the front consisted of long periods of waiting and boredom under terrible conditions in the trenches broken up by the terrible carnage of battle.
Propaganda Posters

Propaganda was an important tool for politicians to drum up support from the Canadian population for various wartime activities. A number of examples are given in the video and from other sources.

Create a poster about one of the following:

Farm Workers
Red Cross
Labour Shortages
Quotations from the Front

Respond to each of the quotations listed below from the video World War I: Canada's Role. Your response should answer the 5 W's: Who, When, Where, What, and Why. To answer "what", summarize the quotation and to answer "why", describe why the quote is appropriate for the Canadian experience at war.


a) "You secretly wondered if would every see home again. You couldn't get out of your mind the strained look on your mother's face as she said goodbye."
b) "The war of course would be over in three months...war was still a chivalrous, romantic thing."
c) "The only thing we could do was soak our handkerchiefs in urine and hold them over our noses...but we held our positions."
d) "I never felt like a Canadian until Vimy. After that I was Canadian all the way."
e) "We saw our first prisoners of war...he was not a square-head with a double chin on the back of his neck, a spike helmet low on his head and a big pipe in his mouth."

Visit the following sites for background information:
Front Page Story

Select one of the following events and write a front page newspaper article which reads like it appeared in a Canadian newspaper at the time. Use newspaper style. The article should try to explain the importance of the event as it might have been described at the time.

Beaumont Hamel
Hill 70
Treaty of Versailles
1917 Election
The last page must be your Bibliography/Works Cited List showing the websites, books, and/or interviews that you gathered all your information from for this project.
You must have a minimum of 3 sources listed on your Bibliography/Works Cited List. Keep a running list of websites as you go. That way you can go back to find information if needed.

These are just a few of the helpful websites you may want to visit for either Option A or Option B:

Archival Records and Resources from the First World War
Personnel Records of the First World War
Option A: Family "Great War" Scrapbook
You are to create a family scrapbook that is of a family member that you know served in "The Great War." Your scrapbook must follow the directions above on how to be made.

Personal Ancestry Connection
1. This is a biography of your family member. Keep in mind what items a biography should present.
2. You will need to follow the family member from signing up for The Great War and try to follow their path to Europe, and then hopefully, home. Your family member did not need to have fought for Canada (they could have fought for another country) -- they just needed to have been involved in The Great War in some capacity, that you will share.
3. Provide a family tree showing your own ancestral connection to this World War I veteran. You must also provide 5 pieces of information showing your family member's involvement in WWI. Some examples of what to include might be: a picture of the family member in uniform, attestation papers, discharge certification, pictures of medals won (if relevant), etc. No originals please!
4. Your Family Biography must haves:

  • Name of your family member.

  • How the family member is related to you (through a Family Tree)

  • Some background of the family member (birth -- where, when, early life)

  • The Great War information (some suggestions: when signed up and where, getting to and arriving in Europe, additional training while in Europe -- where?, battalion name and number, battles involved in, etc.)

  • Include at least 3 pictures. (Pictures are to add to information on a page -- do not take up 3 pages with a single picture on each, unless size and readability force this to take place).

  • 2 of the 4 additional pieces (see criteria for both scrapbooks at the beginning)

  • The second to last page of your scrapbook must be a couple of self-reflection paragraphs stating what doing this project has meant to you and/or what you have learned doing it.

  • Bibliography/Works Cited List (last page)
  • OR

    Option B: Scrapbook of a Famous Canadian Personality During "The Great War"
    You are to create a scrapbook of a famous Canadian Personality from the list below.
    Only 1 person may chose a specific personality below. Choose carefully! Your scrapbook must follow the directions at the very beginning of this document, on how to be made.
    Research one of the famous personalities of Canada's war effort listed below.
    Billy Bishop
    John McCrae
    Robert Borden
    Henri Bourassa
    Lt. General Arthur Currie
    Col. Sam Hughes
    Francis Pegahmagabow
    Henri Louis Norwest
    John Shiwak
    Tom Longboat
    Charlotte Edith Anderson Monture (Edith Monture)
    Frederick Ogilvie Loft
    Nellie McClung
    Frederick Banting
    Raymond Massey
    Constantine F.C. "Conn" Smythe"
    Georges Vanier
    George L. Price
    Cpl. William A. WhiteRaymond Collishaw
    Cpt. Julia Henshaw
    Harry Colebourn
    Ryoichi KobayashiGeorge R. Pearkes
    Once you have decided what person you will do your scrapbook on, you need to inform Ms. Wilton right away so you can secure this person.
    Canadian Personality Scrapbook
    This is a Biography so keep in mind what items a biography should present.
    Your Biography MUST HAVES:

    a. Name of your Canadian Personality

    b. Some background of the Canadian Personality (birth--when & where, early life)

    c. The Great War information (some suggestions: when signed up and where, getting to and arriving in Europe, additional training in Europe -- where?, Battalion Name & Number, battles involved in, etc.)

    d. What impact did the Canadian Personality have on the War, Canada as a fighting force, Canada as a country, or Canadian Society?

    e. Include at least 3 pictures (Pictures are to add information on a page, do not take up 3 pages with a single picture on each, unless size and readability force this to take place)

    f. 2 of the 4 additional pieces (see CRITERIA FOR BOTH SCRAPBOOKS AT BEGINNING)

    g. The second to last page of your scrapbook must be a couple of self-reflection paragraphs stating what doing this project has meant to you and/or what you have learned from doing it.

    h. Bibliography/Works Cited list (last page).